If you are thinking about breeding Border Collies, you probably know that you are about the breed the smartest dog breed ever. The Border Collie is a graceful, intelligent and athletic dog. It is known for his incredible herding instinct as well as for its mind-boggling agility.

Border Collies also tend to be extremely loyal and whether you are looking for a working dog breed or an agility breed, the Border Collie must be at the top of your list. They excel at everything they do in the ring, in trials, and on the field.

Given their obedience and responsiveness to training, Border Collies also make for great police dogs as many countries are starting to test them. They are also incredible companions for blind people. Oh and for the anecdote, a Border Collie was featured in the famous movie Babe!

In a nutshell, wondering how to breed Border Collies is very normal; and you will not regret it! This article will help you with the ins and outs of becoming a Border Collie breeder.

The roots of the word “collie” are hotly disputed. The term “Border Collie” itself is believed to have been used for the first time around 1915 in the United Kingdom. Among the myriad of sources that the term is attributed to, one of the most plausible explanation seems to be that it is derived from the German language. The term kuli, which has been argued to be the basis for the term collie, translates to a worker in English. When we consider that the Border Collie is a working dog breed, then this seems to make perfect sense.

Another plausible origin of the term is the fact that the Border Collie is believed to have its origins in a place called Northumberland in England. As some of you may know, this is a place that is on the border between England and Scotland. Therefore, this explanation is also very plausible. It is virtually impossible to be certain about such things because of all the time that has passed. However, the mountains between near the border of England and Scotland, as well as the extraordinary herding instinct of the breed lead everybody to believe that Northumberland is the birthplace of the Border Collie.

The breed can be traced back to one primary source, The Old Hemp, who is known as the Father of the Border Collie breed. The Old Hemp is attributed with staggering feats and all pure Border Collies alive today can trace an ancestral line back to the wonderful Old Hemp.

Wiston Cap is another associated breed which is believed to have influenced the Border Collie, and the Collie breed, with his bloodline appearing in most bloodlines of the modern-day Collie.

The Border Collie has an intrinsic sense of herding; therefore, it was the ideal herding dog for livestock. Historically, the Border Collie has gained prominence because it requires minimal human guidance and is known for its high performance. Border Collies have the ability to toil long hours which makes it one of the most preferred working dogs in the world.

Every dog breeder must pay due attention to best practices and it is no different with breeders of the “Border Collie”. There are broad rules you must follow, without which you will be unable to get the best out of your Border Collie and this will end up having a detrimental effect on your relationship with your dog.

The AKC recognized the Border Collie officially in 1995 but the most important organization for all Border Collie fanciers is the International Sheep Dog Society (often referred to as the ISDS.)

The Border Collie breed is allowed to have very different coat types, coat colors, and patterns. It can be difficult to understand as we’re often just aware of the black and white border collies, but there are plenty more.

Firstly, the allowed coat types are:

Rough Coat — moderate and extreme rough coats are found within the breed, with a shorter length on the belly
Smooth Coat — the short-haired Border Collies allowing to showcase a beautiful structure
Curly Coat — very rare, but nonetheless existing, are the curly-coated Border Collies
Bearded — extremely rare, too, is the bearded variety of purebred Border Collie

Several coat colors and patterns are allowed when breeding Border Collies:

In all honesty, there are even more color combinations, as well as coat types, within the Border Collie breed and it’s would be hard to list them all. The BC Museum is a good place to read more about the various coats in the breed.